What is the CMS and what role does it play on websites?

Websites have evolved a lot in recent years both in terms of programming, design, SEO and operation optimization, as well as in terms of content management. And, to facilitate the activity of programmers and users of sites, more and more emphasis is placed on CMS called content management systems or Content Management System. There are currently about 2 billion online sites globally. Half of them are created based on a CMS. 

The CMS is a software system developed for creating sites and managing them in the easiest and most intuitive way. This platform is similar to portals and blogs, but is much more complex, with a standard of over 5200 files, and is usually created in PHP, with a MySQL database behind it.

Unlike a static site created in HTML, one created based on CMS is easier to manage for users. When editing a page or article, a text-like window such as Word will appear in the browser, where any text or image can be entered and formatted and a lot of parameters can be set. When saved, the content is published directly on the website. The CMS allows you to install or connect various extensions that provide additional functionality, such as forums, galleries, events, portfolios, newsletters, and other dynamic sections of the site.

An entire team can work online in CMS. The main goal is to reduce or eliminate programmers when editing and managing sites. An important advantage of the CMS is that it can be accessed from any device and allows direct management of all site features anytime and from anywhere. It can be accessed through a control panel using a username and password. Predefined themes and templates are also available to help create a custom look for your site.

The most popular free CMS

There are currently a lot of platforms of this kind, but some of them are the most used and known around the world. Here are the free ones:

  1. WordPress - it is considered the best system for managing web content and is the most widely used globally. A website can be easily created through this platform, which is intuitive, provides a wide variety of themes, thousands of extensions, wide support and ease of use. However, the popularity comes with some disadvantages: the increased interest of hackers; questionable security; there are too many sites of the same kind with template structure and themes; for better optimization, site design still needs to be optimized.
  2. Joomla! - is an Open Source CMS, written in PHP, intended for publishing content on the Internet via SQL databases. Joomla! It comes with complex customization features, very powerful and open to SEO. It features such as page caching to improve performance, RSS, blogs, surveys, web search, international localization. However, we also have some disadvantages here: it is much more difficult in content management, and it has many more files to compose the core of Joomla !. Thus, being less popular compared to the fastest and most intuitive CMS - WordPress.
  3. Drupal - In terms of system administration, it is more complicated than WordPress and Joomla, but it is highlighted by special flexibility. Through this platform, sites can be created to suit any need and any field.

There are also three very popular paid content management systems: 1C-Bitrix - it is best used for business projects and complex online stores integrated with 1C. NetCat - a fast and unpretentious software system through which sites of any kind can be created, but it is not very suitable for creating online stores. UMI. CMS - the system has well thought out documentation and an easy to use control panel.

A good CMS must meet 2 requirements: be easy to use and as flexible as possible - allowing easy administration of the site; be affordable to implement - so that implementation costs do not require increased financial costs from the client over time.

What is the CMS and what role does it play on websites?